IT Governance

"IT Governance" is a term that is widely used to describe a number of aspects of governing and managing Information Technology within an organisation. It evolved from corporate governance in the 90s, and links a company’s objectives, business goals and IT management.

IT Governance Defined

IT Governance is "a framework for the leadership, organisational structures and business processes, standards and compliance to these standards, which ensure that the organisation’s IT supports and enables the achievement of its strategies and objectives." IT Governance, in other words, is not the same thing as IT management: governance is a framework that should be designed to ensure that management is successful and that risks are identified and appropriately controlled.

IT Governance’s three main primary objectives can be achieved by setting a structure for information, business processes, applications and infrastructure. The use of information technology needs to:

  • generate business value;
  • supervise management performance; and
  • alleviate the risk connected to information technology.

IT governance has the corporate resources to support good corporate governance.

Leading books on IT governance:

The benefits of implementing an IT governance framework

The implementation of an IT governance framework will not only allow an organisation to mitigate the risks of IT use and generate returns from IT investment, but will also enable it to gain a strong competitive advantage as it oversees its IT operations in a more effective manner.

The implementation of an IT governance framework can help by:

  • aligning IT with company business goals;
  • managing IT ROI;
  • reducing IT risk;
  • planning strategic IT;
  • measuring performance;
  • embedding IT into the organisation’s culture; and
  • optimising IT operations.

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